Some numerous uses of aromatic hydrocarbons are given below. Hydrocarbons are the main component of crude oil, natural gases, and most pesticides. The cracking produces a mixture of alkanes and alkenes. Without them, it would not be easy for us to work especially with the use of machines, because many hydrocarbon derivatives Yes, there are many uses of Hydrocarbons that makes them very important in our today's civilization. They occur naturally in compounds like DNA and within some amino acids that make up proteins. For example, for model glues, toluene is used as solvent while naphthalene is used as mothballs. All of these substances contribute to the greenhouse effect, and the depletion of the ozone layer. Let’s explore the same under the following points: These are used as a combustible fuel source, eg: Methane which is the A site’s return to its original state following an oil spill does not therefore necessarily imply a total absence of hydrocarbons … Counter-Point : Increased energy use from hydrocarbons has actually been strongly connected to a … These petrochemicals are simply hydrocarbons of different chemical compositions. 3. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. z list various uses of hydrocarbons; and z explain the term carcinogenicity and Toxicity. Hydrocarbon gas is … Produces least about of carbon dioxide. Uses of Aromatic Hydrocarbons In several industries, aromatic hydrocarbons have wide applications. Please have a look at the example below. Due to carbon’s unique bonding patterns, hydrocarbons can have single, double, or triple bonds between the carbon atoms. Compound 1 is a hydrocarbon, because it consists of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. Uses of Hydrocarbons There’s not a single use of hydrocarbons, multiple uses of hydrocarbons are known. the use of hydrocarbons (alkanes) depends on the number of carbon atoms number of carbon atoms form use 1-4 (g) heating and cooking fuel 5 … Hydrocarbon Hydrocarbons are compounds comprised exclusively of carbon and hydrogen and they are by far the dominant components of crude oil, processed petroleum hydrocarbons (gasoline, diesel, kerosene, fuel oil, and 15.5 Uses of Hydrocarbons Sources of hydrocarbons Crude oil is the main source of hydrocarbons, it is found trapped in layers beneath the surface of the earth.Crude oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons – alkanes, cycloalkanes and aromatic compounds.. Common Hydrocarbons and Their Uses Name Number of Carbon Atoms Uses Methane 1 Fuel in electrical generation. Hydrocarbons Objectives Describe the bonding in hydrocarbons. In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Hydrocarbons are molecules that contain only carbon and hydrogen. Hydrocarbons are organic compounds that are made of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. Hydrocarbons are compounds made out of Carbon and Hydrogen atoms ONLY! Cracking is a process to break down large chain hydrocarbons to smaller chain hydrocarbons, with the help of heat and catalyst. Ppt details fractional distillation and the uses for each fraction. Smaller hydrocarbons are more useful as fuels than larger hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon fuels (gas, liquid, and solid) are one of the Earth's most important energy resources. Besides being the fuel for gas grills, propane has other uses in households. Point: Hydrocarbons like oil and gas have done nothing but cause chaos! Hydrocarbons with the same formula, including alkanes, can have different structures. Distinguish between straight-chain alkaneand branched-chain alkane. 24.1 ALKANES (PARAFFINS) Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons. The presence of these hydrocarbons in the marine environment is not negligible, even if they are not comparable with the concentrations reached when an oil spill occurs. Some common hydrocarbons and their uses: Name Uses Methane It is used as a fuel in electrical generation. They are … On the other hand Paraffin - The wax that we use for a variety of industries, everything from candle making and food preservation to medical and industrial uses, contains hydrocarbons. Learn the different forms of these simple, yet varied, organic compounds. Title PowerPoint Presentation - 2.1 Classes of Hydrocarbons Author Nick Turro Last modified by Thomas Poon Created Date 10/28/2003 5:33:44 PM Document presentation format On-screen Show Company Columbia University Uses of Aromatic Hydrocarbons The use of aromatic hydrocarbons is common in both biological and synthetic processes. Aliphatic hydrocarbons Because of the interlocking network of the chemical industry, it will be helpful to return briefly to the original raw materials.Earlier the aromatic group of organic chemicals was described; contrasted with these are the aliphatics, of which a number … Hydrocarbons are compounds which contain hydrogen and carbon only. The hydrocarbons are the most broadly used organic compounds known, and are quite literally the driving force of western civilization. Physical properties of organic liquids 1.1 Introduction … Produces less amount of carbon dioxide. The greatest amounts of hydrocarbons are used as fuel for combustion, particularly in heating and motor fuel applications. Distinguish between straight-chain alkaneand branched-chain alkane. Hydrocarbons are molecules of carbon hydrogen and oxygen that have different chemical and physical properties depending on the structure of their bonding. Hydrocarbon: An organic chemical compound composed exclusively of hydrogen and carbon atoms. These bonds may be single, multiple or hexagonal, and determine whether the hydrocarbon is a liquid or gas at any given temperature. The green pigment found in plants is commonly known as chlorophyll, consisting of aromatic hydrocarbons, and it is essential in the food production process in plants. They also reduce the photosynthetic ability Nonetheless, hydrocarbons never miss a chance to play a significant role in our daily life. The green pigment found in plants, more In National 4 Chemistry learn more about different groups of hydrocarbons. Since cracking converts larger hydrocarbons into smaller hydrocarbons, … It also shows the trends in the fractions. The fuels that we use as sources of energy like CNG and LPG are nothing but a mixture of hydrocarbons only. Uses of hydrocarbons Review (Part 1) Reactions of alkenes Alcohols Properties and combustion of alcohols Carboxylic acids Natural and addition polymers Condensation polymers Review (Part 2) … It shows a demonstration practical that can be used to show the products of combustion of alkanes. Hydrocarbons Physical Properties and their Relevance to Utilisation 11 Physical properties of organic liquids 1. They are found in many places, including crude oil and natural gas. Uses Aromatic hydrocarbons are everywhere, literally. Consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon only, hydrocarbons can have different structures may single... In both biological and synthetic processes hydrocarbon is An organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon atoms alkanes can... 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